In the 80s, the British magazine Punch ran a famous joke about the adverbs. They were so blatant they were often ignored by the editor, but in the end, the punchline still won. That joke keeps ringing in my ears: “A: I’m not going to vote for her. B: Why not?” “A: She’s a Tory.” So it’s no surprise that I’ve been thinking about adverbs. A few weeks back I was talking with a friend about adverbs, and I joked “Surely you can’t be serious? Would you like to see the punchline?”

Adverb in English, Types, Position, Uses, Rules, PDF – Adverbs are words that give a short description of an action, state, or condition. Their function is to add a sense of style, provides a punch line to a joke, or provides a description of a person’s behaviour. Here in this example article is the list of the most common adverbs in English, with examples for each type. The word “adverb” is used for words that describe the time, place, manner, degree, quantity, or other circumstance in which an action occurs.

As we know, adverbs are very important and can modify not only the verbs, but sometimes the other parts of a sentence. They are called adverbs because they come after the verbs in a sentence. They often modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. Adverbs can have many different forms depending on the position in the sentence. Adverbs may also be in the infinitive, gerund or participle. Adverbs may change the meaning of a sentence, by changing the emphasis or change the tone of a statement. They can also be used to modify adjectives or adverbs. Adverbs can also be used with verbs to form a question.. Read more about types of adverbs worksheet pdf and let us know what you think.

An adverb is a word that qualifies (definition of adverb for children).

Words in italics are verbs and words in bold are adjectives.

  • Verb
    Example: He works hard.
  • Adjective
    Example: It’s very good.
  • Adverb
    Example: She works very hard.
  • Preposition
    Example: The helicopter flew right over the house.
  • A Connection
    Example: He just likes her because (in combination) she has a clear conscience.
  • Complete set
    Example : Fortunately no one was injured (verdict).

Usually the adjective qualifies a noun or pronoun, but some adverbs, such as. B. alone, even, well, almost, can also be used for the same purpose.

Examples:

Types of adverbs

3 Types of adverbs

  1. Singular adverb
  2. Relative adverb
  3. Interrogative adverb

Read the 3 types of adverbs in detail (a list of adverbs is also given).

1. Simple adverbs

It indicates time, place, number, frequency, cause, degree, confirmation or denial.

Adverbial mode of operation

The adverb action tells us how the verb is done.

Examples:

  1. He works with integrity.
  2. It’s slow going.

Adverbs ending in ly usually refer to adverbs of manner.

 

Slow Slow
Happy I’d like that.
Frankly Frankly
  • Miserable, avaricious, learned and cowardly are some nouns whose adjectival and adverbial forms we often confuse.

 

name Adjective form Adverbial form
Coward Fig In a loose way.
Niggard Cheap In a stingy way.
Radin Radin In a stingy way.
Scientists Researchers In a scientific way.

Look at these few sentences:

  1. He is a miser.
    (insert a before miser, which is a noun).
  2. He’s a cheapskate. (False)
    He is a miser. (Correct)
    (use the adjective sparingly to refer to a person who is a noun).
  3. He behaved sparingly. (Incorrect)
    (behave is a verb, and the adverb stingy is used to qualify the verb).

Remember:

  • Many words have the same forms of adverb and adjective.

Examples: Fast, direct, straightforward, hard, late, big, safe and quiet.

 

adverb adjective
He works hard. This is a difficult task.
He gets up early. He took the plane with an early start.
Don’t talk out loud. We must not speak with a loud voice.
Run fast. It runs fast.
He’s wanted me for a long time. He has made a long journey.
Come here. He’s a close relative of mine.
  • Many adverbs have different meanings in the lyric form.
  1. Late (after usual or appropriate time)
    Recently (recently/late), e.g:

    • I haven’t seen Akilu lately.
    • He was late for the meeting.
  2. Difficult
    With difficulty For example :

    • She works hard to make ends meet.
    • She works hard to make ends meet.
    • It almost doesn’t work.
  3. Free (without)
    Free (with freedom), z. B :

    • We can move freely in India.
    • The attractions in this water park are free.
  • The words loud and loud are adverbs, but they have different meanings.
    Loud means at a high volume.
    Loud means audible.
    Examples:
    1. Please say something. The students sitting on the last bench can’t hear you.
    2. Noisy music is not allowed in this park.

Adverbial tense

After, before, early, late, now, then, soon, today, tomorrow, etc. are adverbs of time.

It indicates when the action took place.

Example: I came too late.

Adverb of place

Here, there, inside, outside, above, below, inside, above, below, etc.

It indicates where the action took place.

Example: I couldn’t find it anywhere.

Adverb of frequency/quantity

Once, twice, three times, always, never, rarely, often, etc.

It indicates how often.

Examples:

  1. I could never be so reckless.
  2. She rarely goes there.
  3. She comes to see me often.

Gradeadverbs

Very, very much, more, too much, not at all, not much, almost, etc.

This shows how much.

Example: I’m doing very well.

Adverbial reason

So, therefore, by virtue of, because of, etc.

The adverbial reason why the action took place.

Examples:

  1. I couldn’t come because I was uncomfortable.
  2. I don’t like him because he cheated a lot of people.

Adverbs of claim

Sure, sure, etc.

Examples:

  1. This will really help you.
  2. I will definitely repay the loan.

Adverbs of negation

No, never, etc.

Examples:

  1. He didn’t answer my letter.
  2. I’ve never cheated on anyone.

2. Relative adverbs

When, where, why and how, etc.

Relative adverbs connect sentences. It indicates the antecedent (noun/object) and indicates place, cause or manner.

Examples:

  1. I don’t know where he went.
  2. He’ll come when I call him.

3. Asking adverbs

Why, when, where, how.

Examples:

  1. Why are you surprised?
  2. Where did she see me?

 

  Positive Comparison value Superior
(a) Hard Hardener The hardest part
Quick Quick The fastest
Coming soon. Sooner Shortly available
Continue to Closer to The nearest place is
Early Previously The oldest
(b) Nice nice nicest
Attention attention very carefully
Slow Take it easy. slowest
Smart smarter smartest
(c) Disease, malignancy. worse than the worst
Fort read more The furthest
Far following The furthest
Let at a later stage last, last
Small less less
Lots of more The most
I agree. best best

Adverbial position

An adverb is always placed next to the word it modifies. If you change the location of the adverb, the meaning of the sentence changes.

Examples:

  1. She was the only one who saw my dress. (The dress has only been seen by one person)
  2. She only saw my dress. (She did nothing else).
  3. She only saw my dress. (She had not seen the other’s dress).
  4. She saw my only dress. (I only had one dress).
  5. She only saw my dress. (Not my shoes, accessories, etc.).

Learn more about the position of adverbs:

  • Adverbs can be placed at the beginning of a sentence:
    1. An interrogative adverb is always used at the beginning of a sentence.
      Example: When are you going home?
    2. To modify a complete sentence, the adverb at the beginning of the sentence is used
      Example: Of course I’ll take care of you.
    3. To emphasize an adverb, we use it at the beginning.
      Examples:

      1. She’s gone.
      2. And here’s the chief guest.
  • Adverbs can be placed in the middle of a sentence:
    1. Adverbs of time (always, never, always, often, rarely, sometimes) are used before the verbs they modify.
      On the other hand, if these adverbs are at the beginning of the sentence, the sentence takes the reverse form, i.e. the verb/assistant verb is at the beginning of the sentence.

      1. He rarely comes to Delhi.
        He rarely comes to Delhi.
      2. I will never go there.
        I will never go there.
      3. She had barely reached the station when the train left.
        She had barely reached the station when the train left.
      4. She was not yet at the station or the train
        was already coming.
      5. She ran so fast she passed her friends.
        She ran so fast she passed her friends.
      6. His wife comes here, and so does he.
      7. He doesn’t know anyone here, and neither do I.
    2. If there is both an auxiliary and a main verb in a sentence, the adverb frequency/degree is placed between the auxiliary and the main verb.
      1. It’ll never get here. (Wanting – auxiliary verb, Coming – main verb)
      2. I’m rarely there. (Have is the auxiliary verb, leave is the main verb).
    3. Whether be and its forms are used as auxiliary or main verb, the adverb frequency/degree comes after be .
      1. She’s always happy. (is – main verb)
      2. I’m never sad. (Am – head verb)
      3. He is always praised for his pleasant voice. (Eat is the auxiliary verb, rent is the main verb).

See the following sentences:

  1. He often comes every Sunday. (comes often to put)
  2. He has a habit of going to the store every Sunday. (usually put in for walks)
  3. He’s always happy. (There are no errors in the sentence)

Use of adverbs

We will learn how to use different types of adverbs in sentences, here are the main adverbs – Very, many, quite, too, enough, again.

Difference between very and very much

  • Very is used with a positive degree.
    Example: Very good, very wise, very happy, very honest.
  • Many are used on a comparative scale.
    Example: Much better, much wiser, much happier, much more honest.
  • Message:
    1. Very much + comparative degree is also used in the sentence.
      Example: Much better, much wiser, much happier, etc.
    2. Very/much is also used in the superlative.
      Example: The best boy in the world.
    3. Very is used for the present participle.
      Example: Very interesting, very bold, very confusing, very boring, very entertaining.
    4. Many is also used with a past participle.
      Example: There are many things that surprise, many things that sadden, many things that delight.
    5. Very is not used with a past participle, but with the following past participle.
      Example: Very tired, very discouraged, very satisfied, very dissatisfied, very drunk, very limited, very satisfied.

Full use

Integrity means absolute/complete. It is not used in place of very.

Examples:

  1. She is very beautiful. (false)
    She is very beautiful. (correct)
  2. They are very beautiful. (incorrect)
    They are very beautiful. (correct)

use is fair and rather

  • Fair is used with a positive degree.
    For example: Smart enough, good enough.
  • Rather is used with positive and comparative degrees.
    For example, rather bad, rather difficult, rather worse, rather hotter.
  • Fair is not followed by too. Use the word honest in these sentences instead.
    For example:
    1. Too good. (false)
    2. Too good. (on the right)
  • Wishful adjectives are used after rather.
    For example: Smart enough, pretty enough.
  • Then unpleasant adjectives are used.
    For example: Rather daft, rather difficult, rather boring.

Message: The good ones are also rather funny, rather good, rather clever, rather handsome, rather beautiful.

Use for

  • Te also means, but te usually takes the place of also when it is needed after an adverb or subject.
    For example:

    1. I was also invited to tea. (by mistake)
    2. I was also invited to tea. (on the right)
  • If too much means more than necessary. Therefore, te should not be used with unpleasant adjectives. too bad, too naughty, too wicked, too fat, too dull, etc.
    For example.

    1. I am very pleased to meet you. (incorrectly)
    2. I am very happy to meet you. (on the right)
  • Too much… too much can also take on pleasing adjectives.
    For example, he’s too smart to be fooled.
  • The above sentence means that he is so smart that he cannot be fooled. Other examples of too + adjective’.
    1. It’s too big. (It’s uncomfortably large.)
    2. It’s too thin. (She’s uncomfortably thin)
    3. It’s too cold. It’s terribly cold.
    4. Therefore, it cannot be used instead of very.
      • I’m so happy. (fake)
      • I am very happy. (right)
      • I’m so glad I can’t control my feelings. (So… what is the connection point).

Sufficient use

It functions both as an adjective and as an adverb. When it acts as an adverb, it is used after the adjectives it modifies. When used as an adjective, it is placed before a noun. For example:

Enough precedes a noun, but follows an adjective.

  1. She’s smart enough to understand your intentions.
  2. He has enough money to buy this car.

The positive degree of an adjective/adverb is used before sufficient.

  1. He is (a)/ fast enough (b)/ to (c)/ beat you. (d)/ No mistakes (e) (x)
  2. He is (a)/ brave enough to (b)/ be selected for (c)/ the position of soldier. (d)/ No mistakes (e) (x)

In sentence (i), use the word fast instead of quick, and in sentence (ii), use the word bold.

Not used yet

But it does mean – until the time of judgment. It is used in interrogative/negative sentences. It is placed after the verb or the verb + direct object.

Message: It is usually used in the present negative tense and not in the past tense.

Examples:

  1. The postman hasn’t arrived yet.
  2. The postman hasn’t arrived yet.
  3. Has the postman been here yet?
  4. Has the postman been here yet?

Some important rules about adverbs

Here we will learn some of the most important rules about adverbs that will help you find errors in sentences.

Line-1

Else is followed by but and earlier, other and different by then.

Examples:

i) I’d rather die than beg.

(ii) This is nothing but pure madness. (To use instead of what, though).

(iii) Rahul had no choice but to work hard. (Then use instead of target)

(iv) Rohit has no one to talk to except his wife. (Use but instead of but)

Line-2

The adverbs rarely, never, nowhere, nothing, hardly, neither, hardly, rarely have a negative meaning.

Examples:

  1. I rarely went to meetings with anyone. (Use any instead of none).
  2. She doesn’t know much about me. (Use something instead of nothing)
  3. I hardly know anyone in town. (Say someone instead of someone)

Line-3

Negative words like not/never are not used with refuse, forbid, both, and, unless, until, at least, hardly ever, rarely, rarely, and too.

  1. She denied doing anything wrong. (Do not delete)
  2. None of us are going in there.
    None of us are going in there.
  3. If he doesn’t come, I don’t go.
    Until he comes, I’m not leaving.
  4. He did not deny that he was not present at scene
    (i.e., he admitted that he was there).

Line-4

The adverb like can be used with -consider, describe, define, treat, see, know.

The adverb such as cannot be used with – name, choose, select, think, consider, designate, name, make, choose.

Examples:

  1. I consider him my brother. (Adding as after his.)
  2. Biology is defined as the study of organisms. (Add as defined)
  3. She is considered the best student in my class. (omitted, because after investigation)
  4. The teacher called him an idiot. (omitting the word like)
  5. The principal appointed him a teacher. (delete ‘like’)
  6. He thinks she’s an idiot. (delete ‘like’)

Line-5

Too, as well as, is used alongside, in addition to, or also in the affirmative.

It should not be used at the end either.

Example: She found her bag and the money too.

Line-6

The expressions rarely or never , rarely or never , little or nothing , little or never are correct, but it is incorrect to say rarely or always or little or nothing .

Example: He rarely if ever goes to the movies.

Line-7

Verbs of sensation (tasting, smelling, touching, seeing, hearing and looking) must be followed by an adjective, not an adverb.

Example:

  1. I look honest,
  2. I work honestly.
  3. I felt bad.
  4. I can’t sing very well.

Words in italics are feeling verbs, words in bold are adjectives.

Be, become, turn, get, grow, keep, do, and prove are also verbs followed by an adjective, not an adverb. For example, he got angry.

Rule 8

Masculine, masterful, sloppy, friendly, orderly, delightful, sickly, weekly, monthly are adjectives. They should not be confused with adverbs just because they end in ly.

  1. He was a nice guy.
  2. He was a nice guy.

Also read :

Adverbial PDF

If you would like to download the PDF file containing the above content, please click on the download link below.

Adverb

Adverb PDF (428 downloads)The purpose of this blog post is to explain the meaning of the adverb in English and the types, position, uses, rules, and PDF of adverbs.. Read more about adverb position exercises and let us know what you think.

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